Menopause

Does vaginal estrogen cream carry the same risks as systemic hormone therapy?

DEAR DOCTOR K: I use a vaginal estrogen cream for vaginal dryness. Does it have the same risks as hormones taken orally or by skin patch?

DEAR READER: Hormone therapy (HT) is estrogen taken alone or with other female hormones to treat the symptoms of menopause. "Systemic" HT involves hormones that enter the blood and travel throughout the body. It is the most effective treatment for postmenopausal hot flashes and vaginal symptoms, including vaginal dryness.

Are there natural remedies for hot flashes?

DEAR DOCTOR K: I'm having menopausal hot flashes, but I don't want to take hormone therapy. Can you tell me about natural remedies?

DEAR READER: Natural remedies can help for hot flashes, but hormone therapy is helpful more often. For that reason, I'll come back to the pluses and minuses of hormone therapy after answering your question.